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Professions of the future

All of us are wondering how to make sure we have secure employment in the future . Unfortunately it seems that even graduation from renowned college can’t guarantee safe position on the job market. There are no trades and professions that will always mean stable employment. Nevertheless by acquiring and then improving competencies of the future we can always increase chances of finding work. For every part of the market and every employer will expect of the candidate certain narrowed down skills and capabilities plus general knowledge.

So how to increase chances on the job market?

Above all, as if today investing in oneself, perfecting skills one has and improving occupational qualifications is most important. We all agree that one should be continuosly learning new skills, regardless of current or whished for profession. You’ll ask: how will I manage to cover finacial cost of certificates, trainings and postgraduate courses? It’s pretty simple – look it up on Internet, you will certainly find free or subsidized by European Social Fund (ESF) courses, classes or training (you can start at

Other aspect we need to remember of is perfecting such predispositions as:

- stress resistance

- ability to adapt to new situation

- ability to live and cope with constant uncertainty

- flexibility

Today’s market requires always more and more from us, not only when it comes to skills and knowledge, but also regarding mental predisposition. Start working on it even today by participating in job interviews (even when you know there is no chance you’ll get the job), by undertaking short time contracts or by observing how you’re managing while under stress and what skills do you use then, what do you rather lack.

As coach Eliza Kruszewska points out: „Since life is a constant change, it is enough to remind oneself how many changes we’ve already undergone. A lot, I’m sure! And usually we didn’t really think too much of how did we do it and what have we learnt thanks to it about the world and its people”[1]. We all fear the New, we all want to find job, not only interesting one but also well paid, giving us sense of safety and certainty of employment. Unfortunately, already at the very beggining of our career we should get rid of such way of thinking; „certainty” is a word that constrains individual on the job market.

Let’s see which areas of the market are about to bring out more career opportunities than others (of course it doesn’t mean that other sections will be doomed with unavoidable unemployment). First thing we should discuss, pretty popular in media, is the advantage of engineers over humanities graduates when seeking jobs. Experts agree that in next few forthcoming years employers will probably hire graduates of technical studies more eagerly than human and social studies graduates. That is an effect of a certain conviction which says that technical studies equip their students with analitical thinking skills that are in high regard among employers. Humanists shouldn’t really wring their hands over this preconceived idea becuase there will be space for them on the market as well.

As prognosis show, the amount of posts will increase in such market areas as:

1. Finances sector – sector of financial services has been developing for quite a while now and it gathers more and more customers, hence the need for professionals in this area of the market will be in constant augmentation. We’re talking about positions for specialists of: controlling, budgeting, cost analisys, cost management, financial management, investment consulting, auditing.

2. Environmental protection – it’s a field which will experience substantial expenditures of funds in coming years. EU with it’s restrictive regulations will expect from us not only sorting environmental issues out but it will also emphasise educational asspect of the environmental protection – social awarness and intense promotion of the matter.

3. Social welfare – increase of it’s beneficiaries is expected, especially of elderly people requiring not only health care but also help with everyday tasks or leisure time organisation.

4. Turism, entertainment, recreation, beauty – we enjoy more and more eagerly all forms of recreation, boosting vital strengths, taking care of our looks, improving our physical and mental health.

5. IT – rapid development of new IT technologies will guarnatee demand for this field specialists. Therefore market researchers forsee increase of such positions as: programmers, web developers, professional web designers, web administrators, graphic designers, chief web officer (CWO), design and implemmentation of integrated business management aplications, data base administrators, IT security specialists, IT ingeneering specialists.

6. Education – relatively low population growth is causing troubles within the field like, for example low demand for teachers. Nevertheless market still has a lot of need for continous training, hence professions like coach, employment counsellor are going to be in high demand, also there always will be need for HR specialists (development, recruitment process, motivational system/structures, coaches).

7. Biotechnology – strategic field, fast developing and awaiting specialists

To finish up, useful examples of professions that are being predicted as highly prospective:

  • telecommunication and new technologies specialist
  • industrial automation and cybernetics specialist
  • logistic solutions design specialist
  • forwarding agent
  • direct selling representative, B2B sales representative
  • PR specialist
  • crisis management specialist
  • physiotherapist
  • geneticist

Work seekers need constant up-date regarding market changes. It definitively helps with choosing one’s education and career path accordingly to market’s development. It should become a routine activity to keep onself updated. To know education reuirements of the market and to be aware of it’s needs is the only way to remain or become attractive for employers.


PhD Daniel Kukla*

*Jan Długosz Academy in Częstochowa research worker. Specializes in employment and personal counselling. In his everyday work he engages in educating future counsellors. He actively cooperates with many polish academic centres. Author of  several dozen articles published in Poland and abroad. Among the most important publications are: Komunikacja w doradztwie zawodowym (2008); Wielowymiarowość poradnictwa w życiu człowieka. Wybrane obszary (2008), (ed.2, 2011); Dyskurs nad znaczeniem komunikacji w doradztwie zawodowym, (2010); Preorientacja i orientacja zawodowa w edukacji, (2010)., Poradnictwo zawodowe dla osób z grupy szczególnego ryzyka (2010). Kariera zawodowa wobec postępujących przemian pracy, (2010), Osoby niepełnosprawne w systemie edukacji i poradnictwa zawodowego (2011). He’s professional interests oscillate in area of modern tendencies in functioning of employment counselling and the role of this process in creating one’s educational and professional future.

[1] A quote from K.Nowicka’s article „ Sprężyny kariery” Coaching  1/2012

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